Restaurant Hood Installation Guide To Save You Time, Hassle & Sanity

Published on:
April 1, 2024
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Did you know that commercial hood systems are the most important part of your kitchen ventilation? According to Future Market Insights (FMI), the global market for exhaust hood filters and cleaning kits is predicted to grow at an 8% CAGR from 2023 to 2033, reaching $34 billion in 2033. 

Restaurant hood installation expels everything from grease and oil vapors to smoke, heat, humidity, and even cooking odors, making your kitchen and dining areas not only safer but more comfortable.

So, how do you know which kitchen hood system is right for you? 

To decide which kitchen ventilation system to choose, you must first determine what type of equipment you are installing the kitchen hood above. If it is a cooking appliance, you will have to consider how frequent and what type of cooking you are going to be doing as well as the fuel source. 

Hood cleaning for restaurants not only maintains clean air but also keeps the kitchen clean and well-maintained. If any part of your kitchen hood system is dirty it has a domino effect on the rest of it, which makes it work inefficiently and then break later somewhere down the line.

In this guide, we will be covering every detail there is to know about hood installation. This guide will provide you with tips, and expert advice that will help succeed in getting your range hood installed right the first time and promptly. We will walk you through every step of the hood installation process, from planning and brainstorming to wrapping up the finishing touches.

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Types of Restaurant Hoods

There are many kinds of hoods available for commercial kitchens depending on the intended use, the types of equipment and appliances, the style of your kitchen, and, most importantly, the size, style, and type of cooking stoves, ovens, or ranges you have.

Wall-Mounted Hoods: These types of hoods are attached directly to the wall behind the cooking equipment (ranges, grills, fryers, etc.). These hoods are ideal for small restaurant kitchen applications or applications where there may be limited clearance above the cook line.

Island Hoods: Hanging from the ceiling above an island range or cooktop, island hoods are perfect for kitchens in black or open space settings. Island hoods provide coverage from all four sides and can be fitted over larger cooking equipment.

Ductless hoods: Ductless hoods differ from ducted hoods in that they filter the bacteria and odor particles out of the air before blowing them back into the kitchen. This allows for the unit to be put in practically any location and have both sides open to the room, like an island in the middle of a large room, since the re-circulated air creates no visual dust cloud when air is blowing towards it. 

Ducted hoods: Also known as exhaust hoods, are connected to ductwork in the kitchen that channels the contaminated air outside the building. It is a very efficient way to remove odors and pollutants from the kitchen air. Ducted hoods require the installation of ducts, so their installation is usually more expensive. Commercial kitchens almost exclusively require ducted hoods to comply with ventilation regulations.

Several factors to consider when choosing the right restaurant hood system, including:

Kitchen Size – Kitchen size is the biggest factor in which hood system you choose. Different kitchens require different capacities & coverage for their hood system. For example, you may need multiple hoods in a larger kitchen, or a stronger ventilation system to adequately remove the contaminants from the kitchen.

Cooking Equipment – The type of cooking equipment you use, & how much heat, grease, & smoke it emits will also play a role in which hood system you select. All of your appliances will need to have emissions that are properly captured by your hood system.

Local Regulations: Be sure to explore local codes and requirements that govern ventilation as they do vary by jurisdiction and the consequences of not adhering to them can include fines and potentially being shut down.

Make sure you have the right restaurant hood system for your specific needs to keep your kitchen safe, clean, and productive.

Talking to ventilation professionals or an HVAC expert is a good way to find out what kind of system works best in your establishment. Investing in a good, thought and executed hood system can save your business, your staff, and your reputation for cleanliness and sanitation.

Restaurant Hood Installation Process

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Preparation & Planning

  • Review the hood system specifications and standards in line with local building codes and regulations. 
  • Choose an appropriate position for the hood depending on the kitchen layout and cooking equipment configuration. 
  • Make sure there is adequate room for the hood, ductwork, and ventilation fans. 
  • Gather all necessary tools and equipment for installation.

Mounting the Hood

  • Determine whether the hood will be mounted on the ceiling or the wall, depending on the kitchen layout and structural needs. 
  • Use a tape measure and a level to ensure the hood is properly placed. 
  • Attach the hood to the ceiling or wall using the necessary brackets or mounting hardware. Make sure it's level and properly connected to the structure.

Installing Ductwork

  • Arrange the ducting setup to guarantee enough airflow and ventilation in the kitchen. 
  • A hacksaw or duct cutter should be used to measure and cut duct pieces to the proper lengths.
    Connect duct sections using suitable links or clamps. To avoid air leaks, seal all seams with high-temperature silicone or metal foil tape. 
  • Install any required elbows, transitions, or other fittings to route the ducting around obstacles and corners. 
  • To ensure effective grease and condensate drainage, make sure the ducting slopes slightly downward toward the ventilation fan.

Connect the Hood to the Ducting and the Ventilation Fans

  • Place the hood duct collar over the ductwork entry point. 
  • To achieve a tight seal, secure the duct collar to the ductwork using screws or clamps.
    Connect the electrical cable to the hood's control panel according to the manufacturer's instructions. 
  • Install any necessary grease traps or filters in the ductwork to capture grease and debris before it enters the HVAC system. 
  • Connect the ductwork to the ventilation fans, ensuring that all connections are secure and well-sealed.

Functional Testing

  • Turn on the ventilation system and check that the hood and ventilation fans work properly. 
  • Check for any strange noises, vibrations, or scents that might indicate a problem with the installation. 
  • Check that the hood adequately removes cooking odors, smoke, and grease from the kitchen. 
  • To confirm that airflow satisfies standards, use a manometer or anemometer. 
  • Conduct a smoke test to ensure appropriate airflow and capture beneath the hood.

Final Inspection and Adjustments

  • Inspect the complete restaurant hood installation for loose connections, gaps, or inadequacies. 
  • Make any required changes to increase the airflow, ventilation, or stability of the hood system. 
  • Check that all components, including the hood, ducting, and ventilation fans, are correctly installed and working as intended. 
  • Collect any necessary permits or inspections from local authorities to guarantee compliance with construction rules and regulations.

Common Challenges in Restaurant Hood Installation

Limited Space

Perhaps the most common obstacle to overcome during restaurant hood installation is overcoming tight or cramped spaces. It can be very difficult to hang the hood where it needs to be hung and get the correct ductwork run with such little room to work.

Solution: Emphasis on maximizing available space through the use of compactly constructed hoods or evaluating various installation arrangements. Consider modifying the hood and/or ducting to fit in the available area without compromising the hood's usefulness or safety.

Complicated Kitchen Layouts

Another challenge with restaurant hood installation arises with the arrangement of the kitchen. Those with awkward kitchen arrangements or a restaurant that has a couple of cooking stations set up may have trouble arranging for an effective hood system that will adequately cover all of the areas.

Solution: Conduct a thorough assessment of the kitchen layout and cooking equipment used to identify possible obstructions to airflow and dead zones. Work with experienced kitchen ventilation professionals to develop and install a customized hood system that will address the specific requirements and challenges of your kitchen layout.

Ventilation Code Compliance

 Building codes and ventilation regulations are very vital to hood cleaning for restaurants. Failing to meet regulations could result in fines, delays in opening, or even having to shut down. 

Solution: Stay updated on the building codes and ventilation standards for your area. Hire a contractor/ventilation specialist who is familiar with these regulations and will ensure that your hood is installed to meet or exceed the codes and standards that have been set.

Integration with Existing Systems

Retrofitting a new hood system into an existing kitchen that already has equipment and ventilation infrastructure can bring up integration challenges and compatibility issues. 

Solutions: Coordinate with available HVAC technicians and electricians to analyze the compatibility of the new hood system with existing mechanical and electrical systems. Plan necessary upgrades/ modifications for maximal performance and seamless integration of the whole system.

Maintenance and Cleaning Guidelines

Maintaining and hood cleaning for restaurant hoods is vital, as it helps in optimal performance and safety in commercial kitchens. Grease build-up can restrict airflow which can increase the risk of fire and can cause bad odor which affects the air quality as well which are all harmful to our loved ones. Most hoods are made of stainless steel, they tend to get stained and also have the potential to rust.

Thorough exhaust hood cleaning for restaurants takes various steps to eliminate grease, smoke, and pollutants from the hood, filters, and ductwork. These steps include degreasing the entire system, cleaning the filters, and inspecting the exhaust fan to be sure no obstruction is present, and that is working properly.

Cleaning the hood and vent regularly is an ongoing process, and the benefits will show if done correctly. With the aid of training and equipment that must be used, the certified hood cleaning technician can clean and look over your entire exhaust system terms only the everyday cleaning crew can get to.

Not only is it illegal, but also dangerous to be non-compliant with the health and safety of hood cleanliness. It is important to follow health codes and fire safety standards by cleaning often enough to prevent the buildup of grease and fire hazards. It is unsafe for the employees and the customers.

Benefits of Proper Restaurant Hood Installation and Maintenance

  • Properly designed hood cleaning for restaurants guarantees that smoke, grease, and aromas are efficiently removed from the kitchen.
  • Adequate ventilation contributes to a comfortable working environment for kitchen personnel by lowering heat and humidity levels.
  • Restaurant hood installation serves a crucial role in preventing grease buildup on surfaces and in ducts, which can pose a major fire danger. 
  • Hoods help to lessen the risk of kitchen fires by appropriately capturing and removing grease-laden vapors, as well as potential damage to property and people. 
  • Restaurants must design and maintain ventilation systems to comply with health and safety laws, as mandated by regulatory organizations such as municipal health departments and fire marshals. 
  • Properly designed and maintained hoods help restaurants satisfy regulatory standards, avoiding fines, penalties, and possible closure.
  • Restaurant hoods assist in extending the life of kitchen appliances and fixtures by preventing grease buildup on cooking equipment and surfaces. 
  • Regular hood cleaning for restaurants and ventilation systems reduces the likelihood of equipment breakdowns and costly repairs, saving restaurants time and money.

Wrapping it Up

To conclude, there are extremely important reasons as to why your restaurant hood should have more done than just simply getting installed. In this article, we have explored the ways that proper restaurant hood installations and maintenance can help to ensure a safe working environment for you and your restaurant’s staff. Some of the main benefits that we have explored include improved air quality, the prevention of fire hazards, meeting regulation requirements, and saving money in the long term.

A major responsibility of owning or managing a restaurant is ensuring that the right hoods are installed and working correctly to benefit employee safety and health and to protect guests and property from harm caused by grease fires. With 54% of the online retail industry shared among exhaust hood filters and cleaning kits, restaurant owners are utilizing technology more and more to maintain and keep their hood systems clean.

Restaurant owners that apply these important practices, will enjoy the multiple benefits of a safer, healthier, and happier staff, which will only serve to enhance the success and duration of their restaurant career.

Xenia- Your All-in-One Solution for Restaurant Maintenance Management

Are you tired of trying to keep your restaurant or cafe operations running smoothly? 

Juggling multiple tasks and documents, from asset lists, to weekly cleaning checklists, to repairs needed? Xenia brings all of those together and more into one easy-to-use platform. 

Xenia, the mobile software solution centralizes everything digitally, making maintenance management a breeze, this includes Food, Hospitality, Facility Maintenance, Construction, and EHS.

The tool streamlines modernizes, and demystifies the way you manage equipment and assets in your restaurants.

For instance - installing restaurant hoods is a major activity where extra care should be taken. Rather than bogging your staff down with paper or digital documents in multiple places, you can use Xenia to create checklists or standard operating procedures (SOPs) so that all of the hood installations done in your restaurants are the same, easily repeated and you have iron clad documentation that it was done to code. Whether it's scheduling inspections, assigning tasks, or tracking progress Xenia makes sure that every step is completed efficiently and correctly.

Xenia isn't just a maintenance management software but is an all-in-one restaurant task management solution that provides you with the ability to carry out a wide range of back-of-house and customer-facing functions. Features include the ability to manage all of your inventory and order supplies, schedule your entire team, and even track all your customer feedback.

One of the biggest benefits of using Xenia is increased accountability. When your processes and workflows are organized and you know what needs to be accomplished by When, operations run smoother, with fewer mistakes and a better experience for your customers. And as your company grows, Xenia is there providing you with the tools and insights to thrive in a competitive marketplace.

So, why wait? Try Xenia now and discover the impact it can make on your business.

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