What is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)?
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is an independent federal agency that was created by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The EEOC's mission is to ensure equal opportunity in the workplace through the elimination of discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age, disability and genetic information.
The laws apply to employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies and labor organizations. The EEOC also enforces the Equal Pay Act, which prohibits wage discrimination based on sex. The EPA does not allow differences in pay based on factors other than gender - such as educational background or previous experience - unless they are related to seniority or a performance rating system that includes measurable standards for performance evaluation.
Why is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission important?
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is an important organization because they help ensure that all Americans have the same shot at economic success. The EEOC also handles complaints about workplace discrimination that fall under their jurisdiction. If you feel as if you have been discriminated against at work or if you know someone who has been discriminated against at work, you can contact the EEOC and file a formal complaint.